Join I/S on March 23 & 24, 2018, for our symposium, National Security: Emerging Technologies and the Law, co-sponsored by the ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security.

More information, including how to register, can be viewed here.

Speaker Bios



SchnappJeffrey T. Schnapp is Professor of Romance Languages & Literature and Comparative Literature, and on the teaching faculty in the Department of Architecture at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design. He is the founder/faculty director of metaLAB (at) Harvard and faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society.

His most recent books include THE ELECTRIC INFORMATION AGE BOOK (with Adam Michaels [Princeton Architectural Press 2012]); an anthology of essays on 20th century Italian art, literature, design, and architecture entitled Modernitalia (Peter Lang 2012); THE LIBRARY BEYOND THE BOOK (Harvard University Press 2014), an experimental publication co-authored with Matthew Battles that explores future scenarios for libraries in the digital age; and DIGITAL HUMANITIES, a lecture on cultural heritage issues recently published in Italian in the Meet the Media Guru series. He is the editor of the metaLAB projects series with Harvard University Press. Forthcoming at the end of 2015 with Inventory Books is a colloboration with Adam Michaels: BLUEPRINT FOR COUNTER EDUCATION — EXPANDED REPRINT, a new edition of Maurice Stein and Larry Miller’s 1970 work of radical pedagogy. (Other current or future projects are described under the In the Works tab of this website).

His work in the domains of media, design, digital arts and humanities, and curatorial practice includes collaborations with the Triennale di Milano, the Cantor Center for the Visual Arts, the Wolfsonian-FIU, and the Canadian Center for Architecture. His collaborative Trento Tunnels project—a 6000 sq. meter pair of highway tunnels in Northern Italy repurposed as a history museum—was featured in the Italian pavilion of the 2010 Venice Biennale of Architecture and at the MAXXI in Rome in RE-CYCLE. Strategie per la casa la città e il pianeta (fall-winter 2011). Panorama of the Cold War, carried out with Elisabetta Terragni (Studio Terragni Architetti) and Daniele Ledda (XY comm), was exhibited in the Albanian Pavilion of the 2012 Venice Biennale of Architecture and in Erasmus Effect – Architetti italiani all’estero / Italian Architects Abroad at the MAXXI (Dec. 2013-April 2014). He also served as chief consulting curator for BZ ’18-’45, a documentation center built under Marcello Piacentini’s Monument to Victory in Bolzano/Bozen open to the public since July 2014.

Effective June 2015, he assumed the position of Chief Executive Officer and co-founder of Piaggio Fast Forward.


Ard_500BJ Ard is pursuing a PhD in Law at Yale. His research focuses on the law’s response to technological change, with particular interests in intellectual property, privacy, and Internet law. He is a graduate of the University of Georgia and Yale Law School, where he was Managing Editor of Yale Law Journal. Prior to his doctoral studies, BJ served as a law clerk to the Honorable R. Lanier Anderson III of the Eleventh Circuit, an intellectual property litigator at Irell & Manella LLP, and a Thomson Reuters Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project.

AyersPhoebe Ayers is a librarian at MIT, where she specializes in electrical engineering and computer science, working with students, faculty and researchers on their information needs. Prior to MIT, she was an engineering and science librarian at the University of California, Davis, where she specialized in physics, electrical engineering, computer science and earth sciences. Ayers has an MLIS from the University of Washington. She has been involved with Wikipedia since 2003 as an editor and community member, and has helped organize Wikimania, the Wikimedia community annual conference, on five continents. In 2008, Ayers co-authored a book about the English-language Wikipedia called HOW WIKIPEDIA WORKS: AND HOW YOU CAN BE A PART OF IT (No Starch Press, September 2008). The book covers using, understanding, and contributing to Wikipedia; it is freely licensed and was only the second how-to book to be published about the site. In 2010, Ayers was selected as a member of the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, which governs the non-profit foundation that runs Wikipedia and its sister projects; she served from 2010-2012 and was re-elected by the Wikimedia community to serve an additional term on the Board from 2013-2015. During her terms, she served as secretary and vice-chair of the Board. She has also been involved in efforts to help libraries and cultural institutions understand the Wikimedia projects and effectively share their expertise with the projects. Ayers’ interests center around open access and open science, engineering and science information resources, the effective use of collaborative tools (such as wikis) within communities, and how trustworthy information and knowledge is created both on- and off-line.

CircleAlison Circle, Chief Customer Experience Officer for the Columbus Metropolitan Library (CML), has more than 25 years marketing experience. For 13 years she was National Marketing Director for Garrison Keillor and “A Prairie Home Companion.” Following that she was Creative Director and Account Director at Jack Morton Worldwide, a global branding agency. In 2004 she joined CML as Director of Marketing and Strategic Planning. In that capacity she rebranded the organization and won over 20 national and international awards for her work. In 2010 that work was recognized with the Library Journal’s Library of the Year designation and in 2011 she was named a Library Journal “Mover & Shaker.” She is an in-demand speaker on issues of libraries, customer experience and design. In 2012 she was promoted to Chief Customer Experience Officer where she serves on the Executive Leadership Team and oversees 23 library locations, marketing and all programs and products.  She leads programming, experience and design for the library’s building program for 10 buildings, including the Main Library.

Paul CourantPaul Courant is the Harold T. Shapiro Collegiate Professor of Public Policy, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, professor of economics, and professor of information at the University of Michigan. During his career at Michigan, Courant has served as provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, as university librarian and dean of libraries, as associate provost for academic and budgetary affairs, as chair of the Department of Economics, and as director of the Institute of Public Policy Studies (predecessor of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy). He served as a senior staff economist at the Council of Economic Advisers from 1979 to 1980.

Courant has authored half a dozen books, and over seventy papers covering a broad range of topics in economics and public policy, including tax policy, state and local economic development, gender differences in pay, housing, radon and public health, relationships between economic growth and environmental policy, and university budgeting systems. More recently, his academic work has considered the economics of universities, the economics of libraries and archives, and the effects of new information technologies and other disruptions on scholarship, scholarly publication, and academic libraries, with an eye to developing intellectual property policies that will work well in the digital age. He was a founding board member of both the HathiTrust Digital Library and the Digital Public Library of America, and serves on several other nonprofit boards, including the Council for Library and Information Resources, ARTstor and the DuraSpace Foundation. He is also a member of the Advisory Board of the Authors Alliance.

Courant holds a B.A. in history from Swarthmore College (1968); an M.A. in economics from Princeton University (1973); and a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University (1974).

CoxKrista Cox is the Director of Public Policy Initiatives at the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). In this role, she advocates for the policy priorities of the association and executes strategies to implement these priorities. She monitors legislative trends and participates in ARL’s outreach to the Executive Branch and the US Congress.

Prior to joining ARL, Krista worked as the staff attorney for Knowledge Ecology International, an organization dedicated to searching for better outcomes, including new solutions, to the management of knowledge resources, particularly in the context of social justice. While at KEI, she wrote and filed amicus briefs in various intellectual property cases; attended the WIPO Diplomatic Conference that concluded the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled; and worked extensively on promoting better policies for the intellectual property chapter of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP). She also has prior experience as the staff attorney for Universities Allied for Essential Medicines, an organization that promotes access to medicines, particularly those technologies created through federal funding.

Krista received her J.D. from the University of Notre Dame and her B.A. in English from the University of California, Santa Barbara. She is licensed to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and the State Bar of California.

seeta-pena-gangadharanSeeta Peña Gangadharan is an Assistant Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her work lies at the intersection of communication policy and social justice. Her approach to research is grounded in democratic theories of media and critical studies of technology and policy. This approach is informed by a history of media activism and policy advocacy aimed at broadening meaningful access to communication technology. Her work addresses both policies and policymaking processes that relate to of inclusion and democracy.

Her most recent work focuses on issues of privacy, surveillance, data profiling, and historically marginalized communities. In 2012, she conducted a multisite study of digital literacy providers, probing privacy and surveillance anxieties of the underserved and highlighting the weakness of social, technical, and policy infrastructures in mitigating those concerns. In 2015, she began collaboration with Brooklyn Public Library, Metropolitan New York Library Council, Data & Society Research Institute, and Research Action Design, to examine the impact of privacy literacy for professionals on the frontlines of digital access and literacy provision. Also in 2015, she began a study of digital privacy to understand the social, political, and economic contexts that produce, aggravate, and address concerns about data flows pertaining to members of vulnerable populations. These efforts are supported respectively by grants from Institute of Museum and Library Services and Digital Trust Foundation.

Amy Garmer colorAmy Garmer is the Director of the Aspen Institute Dialogue on Public Libraries, a multi-year initiative created in partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to explore, develop and champion new ways of envisioning public libraries for a knowledge-based society. She is the author of the 2014 report, Rising to the Challenge: Re-Envisioning Public Libraries. The Dialogue brings together leading visionaries and practitioners from diverse stakeholder groups in the public and private sectors to explore the development of an asset-based approach to re-envisioning public libraries in the 21st century. Dialogue activities focus on how the library’s key people, place and platform assets can be used to create programs and services that align with local, state and national priorities; challenges in providing access to content in all formats; explorations of new library governance and business models for long-term sustainability; and the cultivation of leadership for the future.

Garmer also serves as Director of Journalism Projects for the Aspen Institute Communications and Society Program. As Director of Journalism Projects, she has led the development and execution of many domestic and international journalism-related initiatives over the past ten years, including the Arab-U.S. Media Forum, the Aspen Institute Symposium on Critical Issues in Journalism at the U.S. State Department, the Aspen Institute Dialogue on Journalism and National Security. She edited the successful white paper series inspired by the Knight Commission on the Information Needs of Communities. This work has focused on policy and innovations to foster universal broadband access and adoption, digital and media literacy, local journalism and information hubs, public service media, civic engagement, and government transparency.

Ms. Garmer is the author or editor of eight Aspen Institute reports on such diverse topics as freedom and connectivity in the Americas, technology in education, the future of journalism, digital broadcasting and the public interest, diversity in media and advertising.

Prior to joining the Aspen Institute, Amy served on the staff of United States Senator Sam Nunn. She previously worked with the Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division on the creation of a national television news archive. Amy holds degrees from the University of Virginia and the University of Texas at Austin.

JaggarsDamon E. Jaggars joined the University Libraries at The Ohio State University as Vice Provost & Director in February 2016. He previously served as Associate University Librarian for Collections & Services at Columbia University in the City of New York, where he also performed interim roles as Vice Provost & University Librarian and Associate Vice President for Digital Projects & Technology Services. Prior to Columbia, he served in various leadership roles in the research libraries at the University of Texas at Austin and Iona College. He writes and speaks frequently on service quality assessment in libraries and emerging library service models for supporting research, teaching, and learning. He has served on planning and advisory groups for the Association of Research Libraries, the Educational Testing Service, Cengage Learning, BorrowDirect, 2CUL, the Research Collections & Preservation Consortium (ReCAP), the Manhattan Research Libraries Initiative (MARLi), and the Taiga Forum, among others. He currently serves on the editorial board for portal: Libraries and the Academy.

KatzAriel Katz is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, where he holds the Innovation Chair in Electronic Commerce. Professor Katz received his LL.B. and LL.M from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and his SJD from the University of Toronto. His general area of research involves economic analysis of competition law and intellectual property law, with allied interests in electronic commerce, pharmaceutical regulation, the regulation of international trade, and particularly the intersection of these fields. Between 2009 and 2012 Professor Katz was the Director of the Centre for Innovation Law and Policy. Prior to joining the University of Toronto Professor Katz was a staff attorney at the Israeli Antitrust Authority. While there, he litigated several merger appeals and restrictive arrangements cases before the Antitrust Tribunal and negotiated regulatory settlements. Professor Katz currently teaches courses on intellectual property, cyberlaw, and the intersection of competition law and intellectual property, and shares some of his current thoughts on these issues on his blog.

Klinefelter PhotoAnne Klinefelter is Director of the Law Library and Associate Professor of Law at the University of North Carolina, positions she has held since 2007. She teaches courses on Privacy Law and writes and speaks on information policy and law topics including privacy and confidentiality law, particularly as these areas apply to libraries and legal information management. Professor Klinefelter serves as a Faculty Affiliate of the UNC Center for Media Law and Policy and as a member of the Advisory Board of the Future of Privacy Forum.

Klinefelter has been active in library associations and library education. In 2012, she received the Distinguished Lecturer Award from the American Association of Law Libraries. She is a past chair of the American Association of Law Schools Section on Law Libraries and past president of the Southeastern Chapter of the American Association of Law Libraries. She also chaired the Copyright Committee of the American Association of Law Libraries. Professor Klinefelter held leadership roles in two library consortia, serving as chair of the Consortium of Southeastern Academic Law Libraries and of the Triangle Research Libraries Network Council of Directors. Professor Klinefelter has taught Law Librarianship and Legal Research as well as Copyright Law for Librarians courses in the UNC School of Information and Library Science.

Klinefelter previously served as Acting Director of the Law Library at the University of Miami and also held positions in the law libraries at Boston University and the University of Alabama.

LawsonRhea Brown Lawson has served as the executive director of the Houston Public Library (HPL) since 2005. The Houston Public Library is the largest public library in the state of Texas, serving over 2.2 million people of diverse ethnic, racial, and economic backgrounds through a network of 42 locations. It ranks seventh among the largest public systems in the United States. A strong and passionate advocate for public libraries, Dr. Lawson is keenly focused on ensuring that public libraries remain highly visible and vibrant organizations that positively contribute to the quality of life in their communities. She ensures that the HPL system is continuously evolving and moving forward a comprehensive, innovative platform of library services and programs to meet the rapidly changing needs of customers and the virtual environment. The Library aggressively promotes its vast resources through high visibility, exemplary customer service, strategic partnerships, and strong community engagement. Under Dr. Lawson’s leadership, HPL has earned over thirty awards for services, programs, innovation and building projects. She is an Adjunct Professor at the University of North Texas in the College of Information/Department of Library and Information Science and serves on a number of professional and civic boards and committees including the Texas State Library Systems Act Advisory Board, the Urban Libraries Council Executive Board, and the Public Library Association Executive Board. Dr. Lawson holds a BA from Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland, an MLS from the University of Maryland in College Park, Maryland and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, in Madison, Wisconsin.

RubinRachel G. Rubin is the director of the Bexley Public Library. Prior to joining the library in 2010, Rachel worked for the Columbus Metropolitan Library and the Worthington Libraries. She holds a BA from Carleton College, an MLIS from Kent State University, and earned her Ph.D. in Managerial Leadership in the Information Professions from Simmons College. She is an ALA Councilor-at-Large and a member of both the Nominating Committee and the the Standing Committee on the Salaries and Status of Library Workers. She is also active in the Ohio Library Council. She teaches library management as an adjunct faculty member at Kent State University, and speaks regularly on library leadership to a variety of audiences.

sampson.8Sara Sampson is the assistant dean for information services, the law library director, and a senior lecturer at Ohio State’s Moritz College of Law. She manages all aspects of information technology and the library for the College of Law.

Before returning to Ohio State, she was the deputy director of the law library and served as a clinical assistant professor of law at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. There, she also taught advanced legal research. Before that, Sampson worked at Georgetown University as the head of reference and an adjunct professor. While at Georgetown, she taught legal research skills for practice, advanced legal research, and introduction to scholarly note writing.

Sampson began her full-time library career at Ohio State where she was a reference librarian and adjunct legal writing professor. She taught legal research, appellate advocacy, and legal writing and analysis.

Sampson writes and presents on topics related to legal research and writing and library management. She has coordinated teaching workshops for law librarians and regularly speaks at library conferences. Her most recent publications, both co-authored, include an update of an introductory text to Ohio Legal Research, and an article on developing financial literacy in library staff.

Dean Sampson has worked for all three branches of the Ohio government. During law school, she spent a summer working at the Ohio Legislative Service Commission and a year working at the Ohio Department of Mental Health’s legal department. Before becoming a librarian, she spent five years as a judicial law clerk at the Ohio Fourth District Court of Appeals.

She is a member of the Ohio Bar and Beta Phi Mu, the International Library & Information Studies Honor Society.

BriannaSchofield_MedResolutionBrianna L. Schofield is a Teaching Fellow in the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic at the University of California, Berkeley. Her teaching and research interests focus on the intersection of law and technology, particularly as it relates to intellectual property regimes, free speech, and access to knowledge. Schofield has conducted extensive research analyzing how notice and takedown procedures operate around the world. She has developed a comprehensive, illustrated guide to the 1909 and 1976 Copyright Act and is the co-author of a guide to help authors keep their books available to be read. Before joining Berkeley Law, Schofield was a Special Deputy Attorney General in the Executive Office of the California Attorney General where she worked on investigative, legislative, and negotiated solutions to advance consumer privacy. Schofield has a J.D. from Berkeley Law and a BSc from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Eric SchwartzEric J. Schwartz is a Partner, Mitchell Silberberg & Knupp, LLC in the Washington, D.C. Office. Eric has been a copyright attorney in the U.S. government (Acting General Counsel, U.S. Copyright Office) and, for the past 22 years, in private practice. He represents a wide array of authors and creators, publishers and producers, as well as libraries and archives, providing copyright counsel on U.S. and foreign law issues, undertaking transactional work (especially film production), and providing litigation advice and strategies. He has also been a film and recorded sound preservationist for almost three decades (mostly pro bono): including, as the founding director (and a Board member) of the National Film Preservation Foundation (1996 – present), and as a member of the two Library of Congress advisory boards: the National Recording Preservation Board (2003 – present), and the National Film Preservation Board (1988-present). Eric is also the President of the Copyright Society of the USA.

ClaggettKaryn Temple Claggett is Associate Register of Copyrights and Director of Policy and International Affairs. As Associate Register, she manages the Policy and International Affairs department of the Copyright Office and assists the Register in advising Congress and executive branch agencies on domestic and international matters of copyright law and policy. Ms. Claggett and her staff also represent the Copyright Office on U.S. government delegations to international organizations, including the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and in meetings and negotiations with foreign governments.

Before joining the Copyright Office as Senior Counsel in 2011, Temple Claggett served as Senior Counsel to the Deputy Attorney General of the United States, where she assisted with the formulation of Department of Justice policy on intellectual property and other sensitive legal issues, and helped manage the Department’s Task Force on Intellectual Property. She also held several positions in private practice, including at the law firm Williams & Connolly, LLP and as Vice President, Litigation and Legal Affairs at the Recording Industry Association of America. Ms. Temple Claggett began her legal career as a law clerk to the Honorable Nathaniel R. Jones of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, after which she joined the U.S. Department of Justice’s Civil Division through its prestigious Honors Program. Ms. Temple Claggett previously served as an elected Steering Committee Member of the D.C. Bar Association’s Intellectual Property Section, including several years as Copyright Committee Chair.

Temple Claggett earned her law degree from Columbia University School of Law, where she was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar, Senior Editor of the Columbia Law Review and chair of the Columbia Black Law Students Association. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in English from the University of Michigan.

urbanJennifer M. Urban is a Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law. Her research interests include intellectual property; policy-based and private-ordering solutions to information policy problems; consumer protection; civil liberties; and innovation policy.

Recent Clinic and research projects include work on copyright and Internet platforms; fair use and orphan works; data handling by third-party providers; privacy and consumer rights in mobile and smart grid data; cloud services for e-mail, social networking, and other communications; individual privacy rights in light of biometrics, drone surveillance, and other emerging technological surveillance capabilities; free and open source licensing; and defensive patent licensing.

Urban previously taught at the University of Southern California’s Gould School of Law, where she founded and directed the USC Intellectual Property & Technology Law Clinic. Prior to joining academe, she was an attorney with the Venture Law Group in California’s Silicon Valley, where she represented emerging growth companies and focused her practice on software licensing and other aspects of intellectual property transactions. Professor Urban holds a B.A. from Cornell University in biological science (concentration in neurobiology and behavior) and a Juris Doctor (with intellectual property certificate) from the University of California, Berkeley School of Law. She was the Annual Review of Law and Technology chief editor while a student at Berkeley Law, and received the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology Distinguished Alumni Award in 2003.

John Windhausen, Jr. is the Executive Director of the Schools, Health & Libraries Broadband (SHLB) Coalition based in Washington, DC. The SHLB (“SHELL-bee”) Coalition is a non-profit, 501(c)(3) advocacy organization with 59 members, including community anchor institutions, broadband companies, Research & Education networks, foundations, state broadband officials, broadband consultants, and public interest groups.. The Coalition promotes open, affordable, high-capacity broadband services for anchor institutions and their communities. Further information is available at www.shlb.org.

Windhausen also represents a variety of non-profit and commercial organizations through his consulting firm, Telepoly Consulting. Prior to opening his consulting practice in 2004, Mr. Windhausen served for five years as President of the Association for Local Telecommunications Services (ALTS), a trade association representing competitive local exchange carriers. From 1987 to 1996, he served as Counsel and Senior Counsel to the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee, where he helped draft the Telecommunications Act of 1996. He began his career at the FCC as a staff attorney in 1984. Mr. Windhausen graduated from Yale University and the UCLA School of Law. He lives with his wife and daughter in Bethesda, MD.