Moritz College of Law The Ohio State University

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"While the United States is regarded as a leader in developing alternative dispute resolution, particularly court-connected programs, other societies afflicted with social divides have long-developed insitutionalized responses to conflict that supplement state judicial systems."

"[T]he comparative study of dispute resolution institutions across diverse forms of social and political organization may . . . inspire creativity and innovation."

Amy J. Cohen & Ellen E. Deason, Comparative Considerations: Toward the Global Transfer of Ideas about Dispute System Design, Dispute Resolution Magazine 23 (Spring 2006).

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The Bridge bibliography offers a resource for innovative dispute systems designers and scholars who look for ways to help people bridge differences, particularly when they are divided in ways that they feel deeply. We refer to this as "identity-based" conflict because the dispute implicates the ways in which people identify themselves or group each other, such as religion, ethnicity, race, and language.

The books, articles and websites listed in this site are not limited to resolution of identity-based conflict. The bibliography also includes writings about dispute resolution in nations other than the United States or within cultural communities in the United States that may offer insights to the dispute systems designers looking for new ideas and a broader understanding of cultural and political influences on dispute resolution.

Our goal is to encourage more scholarship and innovation on ideas for resolving identity-based conflict. We communicate more with each other more broadly but persist in thinking of ourselves and others narrowly. Conflicts often divide people based on religion, ethnicity, race, language, and other deeply-felt differences cause divides, alienation and violence throughout the globe. In some areas, people have arranged dispute systems that help bridge these differences. Their ideas may stimulate people in the United States and elsewhere who have stepped forward to do this pioneering and important dispute systems design.

This bibliography is a modest beginning and one that stemmed from a symposium held on January 26, 2006 at the Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, "Listening to the World: New Ideas for Resolving Identity-Based Conflict," and published in 22 OHIO STATE JOURNAL ON DISPUTE RESOLUTION 1 (2006).

The work was funded by the Ohio State University Mershon Center for International Securities Studies. Carole Hinchcliff, the Associate Director of the Moritz Law Library, planned the initial bibliography and Melanie Oberlin, Reference Librarian at the Moritz Library, continued the work.

Many of the books and articles listed were found by searching the extensive electronic resources and print in collections of the Ohio State University Moritz of Law Library and Ohio State’s University Libraries. We thank the Moritz graduates who served as Mershon bibliography fellows, Gauri Shrotriya, Dan Westmeyer, Lisa Critser, Mark Sleeper, Briget Franklin, Jonathan Breyfo, Sabrina Ennis, Alexander Smith, Rebecca Rabb, Don Davis, Christopher Cramer, Justin Neuman, and Brian Furniss and Moritz web designer, JD Barlow.

We welcome your suggestions for additions to the bibliography. Please email Nancy Rogers at

Nancy H. Rogers
Moritz Chair in Alternative Dispute Resolution

Sarah R. Cole
Squire, Sanders & Dempsey Designated Professor of Law; Director, Program on Dispute Resolution

Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University
Michael E. Moritz College of Law
The Ohio State University
55 West 12th Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210-1391

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