Within the LLM degree, LLM students may choose an academic concentration. A concentration is optional and students can pursue this option after the LLM program starts. To be eligible for a Certificate of Concentration (along with the LLM degree,) students must successfully complete at least 12 credit hours in the area of concentration out of the required 24 credit hours. It is also possible to earn double concentrations as long as a minimum of 12 credits in each area of concentration are completed.
We offer six academic concentrations. Students may select any of the courses offered in each of the area of concentration to successfully complete the required 12 credits for a Certificate of Concentration:
- Alternative Dispute Resolution
- Corporate Law
- Intellectual Property and Technology Law
- International and Comparative Law
- Criminal Law and Procedure
- Employment and Labor Law
In certain circumstances, subject to prior approval, students may customize the courses to specialize in an area outside of the above-listed concentration areas).
The curriculum allows LLM students to take classes on topics tested on various bar exams in the U.S. Credits completed in these courses count towards the minimum 24 credits required to earn the LLM degree. These courses also satisfy additional education requirements for foreign-trained students who seek to qualify to sit for bar exams in several jurisdictions in the US, including Ohio, New York, California, D.C., Florida, Massachusetts, Colorado, Texas, and Washington.
Bar Exam courses include:
- LLM Analysis, Research and Writing
- US Legal System
- Business Associations
- Constitutional Law
- Criminal Law/Criminal Procedure
- Wills, Trusts and Estates
- Family Law
- Civil Procedure
- Professional Responsibility/Legal Ethics
- Property (Real & Personal)
- Uniform Commercial Code/Secured Transactions
The curriculum offers experiential learning courses that teach students the practical side of the law. These courses equip LLM students with essential lawyering skills that allow them to meet the demand of the legal service market. LLM students may enroll in the following experiential courses and earn credits towards the required minimum 24 credits:
- Legislation Clinic (4 credits)
- Mediation Clinic (4 credits)
- Law Externship Program (2-4 credits)
- Compliance Externship ( 3 credits)
- Simulation Courses: such as Transactional Practice, Legal Negotiation, and more.
- Moot Competitions (1 credit): students may earn academic credit for participation in the annual LLM International Commercial Arbitration Moot Competition (external competition); the Lawrence Negotiations Competition; Moritz Representation in Mediation Competition; Moritz 1L Competition.
LLM students are eligible to apply to the JD program during the course of their LLM year. The Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) is not required. Special emphasis is given to a student's academic performance during the LLM program.
If students are accepted to the JD program, they will complete the remaining components of the established first-year curriculum in their second year of study at Moritz. Advanced JD course requirements must be completed in the third year of study.
State Bar Exams
Several states in the U.S. permit eligible foreign-educated law graduates and lawyers to sit for their bar exams. Review the National Council of Bar Examiners’ Comprehensive Guide to Bar Admission Requirements for a snapshot of each state’s bar admission requirements. For specific advice and information, please contact Moritz’s Assistant Dean of Graduate and International Affairs.
Many LLM students attending Moritz’s LLM program choose to take the New York Bar Exam, the Ohio Bar Exam, the California Bar Exam, and the DC Bar Exam. Our program allows LLM students to take courses on all subjects tested on the New York bar exam as well as in other U.S. jurisdictions. This is an advantage since these courses not only allow foreign-trained students to meet the course requirements to qualify to sit for these bar exams, but also lay important foundations that help them prepare ahead of time for the bar exams.
General information on eligibility requirements for sitting for the bar exams in each of these jurisdictions is listed below. The listing is for informational purposes and does not supersede the official information provided on the website of each jurisdiction.
Eligibility requirements for the New York Bar Exam for foreign-trained lawyers and law graduates is available here. Foreign-trained students should pay particular attention to Rule 520.6 of the Court of Appeals for the Admission of Attorneys and Counselors at Law.
Rule 520.6 permits foreign-trained lawyers and law graduates to sit for the New York bar exam whose first law degree was substantially equivalent in duration and in the course of law study to the U.S. JD degree program offered at a law school approved by the American Bar Association. If the first law degree lacks either the durational or substantive equivalency (but not both), they can cure such deficiency by completing an LLM degree program at an ABA-approved law school in the U.S. and meeting the course and credit requirements listed below as part of the LLM degree.
Please note that only the New York Board of Law Examiners has the authority to determine the equivalency of a foreign student’s first law degree to the U.S. JD degree. Therefore, all foreign-trained lawyers and law graduate are required to apply for an Advance Evaluation of Eligibility at least 6 months in advance of sitting for the New York Bar Exam.
Foreign-trained LL.M. students who wish to take the New York Bar Exam must successfully complete at least 24 credits in the LLM program, of which at least 12 credits must be in certain required classes. New York rules prohibit online and distance learning courses. All 24 credits must be completed within 24 months of matriculation in the LLM program.
The following courses are offered at Moritz College of Law for LLM students to meet these course and credit requirements:
Minimum 6 credits in three mandatory courses:
- US Legal System (3 credits)
- LLM Analysis, Research and Writing (2 credits)
- Professional Responsibility (2-3 credits)
Minimum 6 credits in courses that focus on subject matter tested on the New York Bar Exam (i.e. the Uniform Bar Exam) or the New York Law Examination:
- Business Associations (4 credits)
- Constitutional Law
- Contracts (4 credits)
- Criminal Law (4 credits)
- Criminal Procedure (4 credits)
- Wills, Trusts and Estates (3 credits)
- Evidence (4 credits)
- Family Law (4 credits)
- Civil Procedure (4 credits)
- Property (4 credits)
- Torts (4 credits)
- Secured Transactions (Uniform Commercial Code) (3 credits)
General information on requirements for a foreign-trained lawyer and law graduates to be admitted to practice law in Ohio is listed below. Please contact Moritz’s Assistant Dean of Graduate and International Affairs for individualized advice.
To be admitted to the practice of law in Ohio, applicants with undergraduate and legal education outside of the U.S. must meet the requirements outlined in Rule I of the Rules for the Government of the Bar (Sections 2(C), 10(C)(12), or 11(B)(7) of this rule):
- Applicants must have completed at least three (3) years of post-secondary education and at least three (3) years of formal legal education and have received a law degree (i.e. 6 years of post-secondary education total.) NOTE: An LLM program can either count toward the requirement of six years of post-secondary education or toward the 30-credit requirement below, but not both.
- Applicants must have completed at least 30 credit hours of classroom courses at an ABA-approved law school, of which at least at least 20 credit hours must be in courses that cover subjects tested on the Ohio Bar Exam (i.e. the Uniform Bar Exam): Legal Research/Writing; Business Associations; Conflict of Laws; Constitutional Law; Contracts; Criminal Law/Criminal Procedure; Wills, Trusts and Estates; Evidence; Family Law; Civil Procedure; Professional Responsibility/Legal Ethics; Property (Real & Personal); Torts; Uniform Commercial Code. No online credits are accepted. All 30 credits must be earned within 48 months from the beginning of the enrollment.
- Request an Evaluation of Foreign Education.
- Register with the Office of Bar Admissions an Application to Register as a Candidate for Admission to the Practice of Law (the “Registration Application”.) An applicant may not apply to take the February Ohio bar examination unless the applicant has filed a complete registration application by the August 15 immediately preceding the February examination. An applicant may not apply to take the July Ohio bar examination unless the applicant has filed a complete registration application by January 15 immediately preceding the July examination.
- Demonstrate that applicant possesses the requisite character, fitness, and moral justifications for admission
- Register with the Office of Bar Admissions an Application to Take the Bar Exam
- Pass the Ohio Bar Examination (UBE), the Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam, and the Ohio Law Component.
Eligibility to take the California Bar Exam for foreign-trained lawyers:
Foreign-trained lawyers who are already admitted to the active practice of law in a foreign country or in another U.S. jurisdiction and are in good standing are qualified to take the California Bar Examination without having to complete any additional legal education at an ABA-approved law school in the US.
Eligibility to take the California Bar Exam for foreign-trained law students (not yet admitted to practice law)
Foreign-trained law students who received their first law degree outside the U.S. may qualify to take the California Bar Exam if they:
- Have a first law degree that is equivalent to the U.S. JD degree or that meets the educational requirements for admission to practice law in a foreign country or in a country where their law degree was acquired, and
- Obtained an LLM degree from an accredited US law school approved by the ABA or the State of California. The LLM degree must have at least 20 credit hours with no less than 12 credits in subjects tested on the California Bar Exam, including Professional Responsibility that covers the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct and leading federal and state case law on the subject.
Rule 46 (c) of the DC Court of Appeals on Admission to the DC Bar permits foreign-trained law students and lawyers to sit for the DC bar exam if they have graduated from a foreign law school and successfully completed at least 26 credit hours in courses that are concentrated on subjects tested on the DC Bar Exam (i.e. the Uniform Bar Exam).
Additional Requirements for Bar Admissions
In addition to passing the Uniform Bar Examination, a candidate must meet other requirements before applying to be admitted to the practice of law in the New York State. One must apply for admission to the practice of law in New York within 3 years from the date when the applicant sat for the second day of the Uniform Bar Examination; hence must have satisfied all the requirements below within this timeline. These other requirements are:
- Pass the Multi State Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE)
- Complete 50 hour of pro bono services. View details here.
- Pass the New York Law Exam (NYLE)
- Meet the Skills Competency and Professional Values Requirement (Rule 520.18). For LLM students, there are typically three Pathways that they can utilize to meet this Skills competency and professional values requirement:
- Pathway One – i.e. selection of courses approved by the Moritz faculty listed in the course work categories here. Moritz’s Registrar will certify compliance with “Pathway One” for students who complete the pathway components adopted by the Moritz faculty. Note that students must achieve a passing grade for their course work and may not use the same course to satisfy more than one of the coursework categories. The Assistant Dean will advise students wanting to complete the Pathway 1 requirements as part of their LLM.
- Pathway Four, Apprenticeship: Complete a post-graduate, six-month, full-time apprenticeship in a law office in the United States, or in a foreign country.
- Pathway Five, Practice in Another Jurisdiction: If you have been authorized to practice law in another state in the U.S., or outside of the U.S., and have practiced in that jurisdiction full-time for one year, or part-time for two years, you will meet the skills competency and professional values requirement. Practice may occur before or after the LL.M. program, but it must be within the past 3 years counting from the date when you sat for the second day of the Uniform Bar Examination.