CHAPTER 3 – DEGREES, DUAL DEGREES, AND HONORS (INCLUDING COIF)

3.01. Juris Doctor Degree.

The degree Juris Doctor (J.D. or Doctor of Jurisprudence) shall be awarded to those
students who complete the study of law in the J.D. program at The Ohio State University and in
accordance with University policy, those students who attain a superior level of academic
achievement, shall receive the additional academic distinction as indicated by the terms “summa
cum laude,” “magna cum laude” or “cum laude” in accordance with Faculty Rules 3.02, 3.03,
and 3.04.

Source: Action of the Board of Trustees at regular meeting on March
9, 1967, faculty minutes, February 4, 1976, March 17, 1999, September 3,
2003, and March 15, 2006.

3.02. Requirements for Summa Cum Laude Honors for the J.D. Degree.

The top 3% of persons in the J.D. program who are graduated from the College of Law of
The Ohio State University during each year, beginning with the Summer Session and extending
through the following Second Semester, shall be awarded the degree Juris Doctor summa cum
laude.

Source: Faculty minutes, February 4, 1976 and September 3, 2003.

3.03. Requirements for Magna Cum Laude Honors for the J.D. Degree.

The top 4-10% of persons in the J.D. program who are graduated from the College of Law
of The Ohio State University during each year, beginning with the Summer Session and extending
through the following Second Semester, shall be awarded the degree Juris Doctor magna cum
laude

Source: Faculty minutes, March 15, 2006.

3.04. Requirements for Cum Laude Honors for the J.D. Degree.

The top 11-25% of persons in the J.D. program who are graduated from the College of
Law of The Ohio State University during each year, beginning with the Summer Session and
extending through the following Second Semester, shall be awarded the degree Juris Doctor cum
laude.

Source: Faculty minutes, February 4, 1976, October 6, 1976, March
17, 1999, September 3, 2003, and March 15, 2006.

3.05. Eligibility of Transfer Students for Honors for the J.D. Degree.

Transfer students receiving their J.D. degree from the College of Law shall be eligible for
honors if they have completed at least fifty-four semester hours of their course work while in
residence at the College. They shall be ranked on the basis of all work undertaken at this College.
They shall be disqualified for eligibility if in the opinion of the faculty their level of performance
while not in residence at this College was significantly below their level of performance while in
residence.

Source: Faculty minutes, April 26, 1978, March 17, 1999, and
September 3, 2003.

3.06. Eligibility For Coif of Transfer Students into the J.D. Program.

Transfer students receiving their J.D. degree from the College of Law shall be eligible for
election to the Order of the Coif, if they have completed at least fifty-four semester hours of their
course work while in residence at the College. They shall be ranked on the basis of all work
undertaken at this College. They shall be disqualified for eligibility if, in the opinion of the
faculty, their level of performance while not in residence at this College was significantly below
their level of performance while in residence.

Source: Faculty minutes, July 12, 1966, April 26, 1978, March 17,
1999, and September 3, 2003.

3.07. Dual Degrees.

To provide opportunities for the earning of dual degrees:

A. Students enrolled concurrently in the J.D. program of the College of Law and in a
post-baccalaureate degree program outside of the College of Law shall be entitled to receive
twelve semester hours credit toward their J.D. degrees, providing they are in good standing in the
post-baccalaureate degree program and have satisfactorily completed twelve semester hours of
non-law credit toward their graduate degree, or have already received such degree, at the time of
graduation from the College of Law.

B. To qualify for the credits afforded in 3.07(A) above, the following requirements must
be met:
(1) The post-baccalaureate degree program must be approved by the Associate Dean for
Academic Affairs of the College of Law. The Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, after
consultation with a faculty member who has reviewed the proposed program, shall
approve programs which are offered by a fully accredited college or university, are
deemed relevant and useful to the training of law students for the professions, award
credits in a manner consistent with Faculty Rule 9.52, and appear to contain substantial
intellectual content. Law students and applicants to the College of Law intending to enroll
in degree programs not yet approved may initiate requests for approval prior to
enrollments.
(2) A significant part of the requirements for the post- baccalaureate degree must be
fulfilled while the dual degree candidate is enrolled in the College of Law. What
constitutes a “significant part” may be determined in general or on a case-by-case basis by
the Academic Affairs Committee.
(3) The participation of each student enrolled in a dual degree program under this rule
shall be periodically reviewed by a faculty member designated by the Associate Dean for
Academic Affairs to insure that in its actual operation the program is achieving its
educational objectives and that the credit allowed is consistent with Rule 9.52.

C. Students enrolled in an approved dual degree program under this rule may, if
reasonably necessary or useful in fulfilling the requirements for both degrees, extend the period
for matriculation from the College of Law to four academic years. However, enrollment in such
programs shall not per se entitle any student to drop or defer any required first-year course.
Students seeking to drop any required first-year course to enroll in courses under a dual degree
program must obtain the permission of the Academic Affairs Committee.

D. The Associate Dean for Academic Affairs shall maintain records of: (1) postbaccalaureate
degree programs which have been granted or denied approval or for which approval
has been withdrawn under this rule; (2) individual students who have been admitted or denied
admission to dual degree programs, the nature of the programs to which they have sought
admission, and the number and percentage of students who have successfully completed dual
degree programs; and (3) faculty reviews conducted under Subsection B(3). This data shall be
summarized for the faculty by the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at least once each year.

Source: Faculty minutes, June 6, 1973, January 19, 1977, March 17,
1999, September 3, 2003, and October 5, 2017.

3.8 Master in the Study of Law.

A. The Master in the Study of Law (M.S.L.) degree is a non-professional degree intended
to provide a legal background for scholars in other disciplines who do not have a J.D. or other law
degree. Completion of the M.S.L. degree will not qualify students to sit for a bar examination or
to engage in the practice of law. The degree Master in the Study of Law (M.S.L.) shall be
awarded to those students who complete the requirements listed below for this degree.
B. Program Administrator and Graduate Studies Committee.

1. The Dean of the College of Law shall select an Administrator for the Master in the
Study of Law program. The Dean shall also appoint a Graduate Studies Committee,
which shall serve in an advisory capacity and which shall constitute an admission
committee for the M.S.L. Program.

2. The Administrator and the Graduate Studies Committee shall have the
responsibility for acting as liaison between the Graduate School and the faculty
members of the College of Law for reviewing the admissions files of applicants for
the M.S.L. program and making recommendations on admission of applicants for the
program, for making recommendations to the Curriculum Committee of the Council
on Research and Graduate Studies for approval of new courses designed specifically
for students enrolled in the M.S.L. program, and for any other duties assigned to the
Graduate Studies Committee by the Rules of the Graduate Faculty of The Ohio State
University or by the Faculty Rules of the College of Law.

C. Admissions Requirements for Master in the Study of Law.

1. Applicants for admission to the M.S.L. program shall complete the appropriate
admission form, submit a transcript from each college or university the applicant
attended, submit two letters of recommendation, and meet any other requirements that
the Graduate Studies Committee may impose. Applicants for admission to the M.S.L.
program shall be required to take, or submit information, including test results,
indicating that they have previously taken, one of the following tests: the Law School
Admissions Test (LSAT), the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), the Graduate
Management Admissions Test (GMAT), the Medical College Admissions Test
(MCAT), or other similar test. The Graduate Studies Committee shall consult, as
needed, with appropriate offices at the University when presented with information or
test results concerning a standardized test other than the LSAT. This test result
requirement may be waived with the approval of both the Administrator of the M.S.L.
program and the Graduate Studies Committee.

2. In order to be considered for admission to the Master in the Study of Law program,
applicants shall have received a graduate degree in a discipline other than law by the
time of matriculation into the M.S.L. program. Applicants who do not meet this
requirement at the time of application may be admitted to the M.S.L. program on the
condition that they satisfactorily complete a program of study amounting to 45 quarter
hours or 30 semester hours toward their graduate degree prior to beginning their
M.S.L. degree. Applicants may also apply simultaneously to the M.S.L. program
and another graduate program at the University and be admitted with the same
condition. In exceptional circumstances, such as extensive relevant work or other
experience, applications for waiver of this graduate degree requirement may be
granted with the approval of both the Administrator of the M.S.L. program and the
Graduate Studies Committee. In these cases, the requirement of taking and submitting
one of the standardized tests described in 3.8(C)(1) shall not be waived.

D. Graduation Requirements for Master in the Study of Law.
1. In order to fulfill the requirements for the Master in the Study of Law, students
must have earned passing grades in not fewer than 30 semester credit hours of law
school courses, including all courses required for completion of the degree.
2. Candidates for the M.S.L. degree shall be required to complete the first-year course
in Legal Analysis and Writing I or Legal Analysis, Research and Writing for
International Students and two of the following first-year courses: Civil Procedure I, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law, Legislation, Property, or Torts.

3. In order to ensure that candidates for the M.S.L. degree who seek to enroll in upperclass
courses have the necessary preparation for upper-class courses, they must obtain
prior approval of their program of courses, and any deviation from that approved
program of courses, from the Administrator of the M.S.L. program.

4. The M.S.L. program may be pursued on either a part-time or full-time basis, over no
fewer than two semesters of residency at the College of Law. Students enrolled in the
program on a full-time basis will generally be expected to complete the requirements for
the M.S.L. degree in one academic year. Students enrolled in the program on a part-time
basis will generally be expected to complete the requirements for the M.S.L. degree
within four academic years. Except when special exception has been provided by the
Academic Affairs Committee for good cause shown, the requirements for completion of
the M.S.L. degree shall be completed within a maximum of five calendar years from the
date of first matriculation in the College of Law.

E. Grading Standards and Academic Standing Requirements for M.S.L. Students.

1. Grading Standards. Because students enrolled in the M.S.L. program will be
graduate students rather than professional students, without as extensive a background
in legal issues as students enrolled in the J.D. program, students who are enrolled in the
M.S.L. program shall be graded by “graduate schools standards,” as described in
Faculty Rule 9.46(A), rather than by “law school standards.” “Graduate school
standards” shall be determined by the concerned faculty member, in accordance with
guidelines issued by the Administrator and the Graduate Studies Committee after
consultation with the appropriate individuals at the Graduate School at the University.

2. Academic Standing Requirements. Students enrolled in the M.S.L. program shall
be required to maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.0 in order to
remain in good academic standing. A student enrolled in the M.S.L. program whose
cumulative grade point average falls below 3.0 at any time will be placed on probation,
subject to the conditions of probation imposed by the Graduate Studies Committee
including a requirement that the student raise his or her cumulative grade point average
to at least 3.0 within two semesters of being placed on probation. A student who fails
to meet the conditions of probation, including raising his or her cumulative grade point
average to at least 3.0 within two semesters of being placed on probation, shall be
dismissed from the College of Law.
3. Authority to Reinstate Students to the M.S.L. Program Dismissed Because of
Academic Deficiency. The Graduate Studies Committee may, in cases in which it is
persuaded that achievement of academic good standing is a realistic probability,
reinstate, on a probationary status, a student who has been dismissed from the M.S.L.
program for academic deficiency. The terms of probation shall be determined by the
Graduate Studies Committee and shall include a requirement that the student raise his
or her cumulative grade point average to at least 3.0 within two semesters of being
placed on probation.

F. Coordination Between J.D. Program and M.S.L. Program.

3. Assignment Preferences for Students in Oversubscribed Courses. In addition to the
assignment preferences applicable to J.D. students set forth in Faculty Rule 9.06, J.D.
students shall have preference over M.S.L. students for all classes that are part of the
regular J.D. program. This preference shall not apply to special classes, if any, that are
offered primarily for M.S.L. students.

4. Enrollment in First-Year Courses with Small Sections. M.S.L. students may only
enroll in a small section of a first-year course in the J.D. program with the permission of
the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

5. Grade Distribution and Class Rank Information. M.S.L. students shall not be
considered in creating the grading profile for any course in which they are enrolled, nor
shall their scores be considered by instructors applying the grading profile to determine
the final course grades for J.D. students. M.S.L. students shall not be included in the
grade distribution statement or in the class rank for J.D. students described in Faculty
Rule 9.11.

G. Transfers Between the M.S.L. and J.D. Programs.

1. No Transfers Allowed from M.S.L. Program to the J.D. Program. Because of the
different requirements of the J.D. and the M.S.L. programs, including the different
grading standards and requirements for academic standing applied to students in those
programs, students shall be prohibited from transferring from the M.S.L. program to
the J.D. program. Accordingly, a student enrolled in the M.S.L. program who desires
to enroll in the J.D. program would be required to apply to the J.D. program as an
entering student and to meet all of the requirements for admission to the J.D. program.
If a student formerly enrolled in the M.S.L. program were admitted to the J.D. program,
that student would receive no credit toward the total credit hours required for the J.D.
degree, as set forth in Rule 5.04, for law courses completed while enrolled in the
M.S.L. program. Grades obtained by students for law classes completed while the
student was enrolled in the M.S.L. program also would not count toward the student’s
cumulative grade point average as a J.D. student, nor toward the accumulated credit
points required for the J.D. degree, as set forth in Rule 5.09. At the discretion of the
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, the student could receive credit toward the
curriculum requirements for the J.D. program, as set forth in Rules 5.04 and 5.05, for
courses taken while the student was enrolled in the M.S.L. program.
2. Transfers Between J.D. Program and M.S.L. Program. A student presently
enrolled, or formerly enrolled, in the J.D. program at the College of Law, who desires
to apply to the M.S.L. program, would be required to meet all of the requirements for
admission to the M.S.L. program or to obtain a waiver of those requirements from the
Administrator of the M.S.L. program and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. If
a student formerly enrolled in the J.D. program were admitted to the M.S.L. program,
the credit, if any, that the student would receive toward the M.S.L. degree for law
courses completed while enrolled in the J.D. program would be determined by the
Administrator of the M.S.L. program and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

Source: Faculty Minutes, September 3, 2003, October 1, 2003, May
5, 2011, and March 3, 2016.

3.09. Master of Laws.

A. Degree. The degree Legum Magister (LL.M. or Master of Laws) shall be awarded to
those students who complete the study of law in the LL.M. program at the Ohio State University
in accordance with the requirements set forth in this rule.

B. Administration. The Dean of the College of Law shall select an Assistant Dean to
administer the LL.M. program. The Dean shall also appoint a Graduate Studies Committee,
which shall serve in an advisory capacity and which shall constitute an admissions committee for
the LL.M. program.

C. Admissions.
1. Admission to the College of Law to pursue the LL.M. degree shall be limited to
applicants who have:

a) obtained an LL.B. or J.D. degree from a university in a foreign country;
b) completed in a foreign country the university based legal education required
to take the equivalent of the bar examination in that foreign country;
c) qualified to practice law in a foreign country;
d) the equivalent of any of the three conditions above as determined by the
Graduate Studies Committee; or
e) students currently enrolled in an LL.B. or J.D. degree program from a
university in a foreign country that has entered into a consortium
agreement with Moritz to jointly offer a combined program or the
equivalent.

2. The applicant must complete the College’s application form, take and submit the
results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language test (TOEFL) or the International
English Language Testing System test (IELTS) unless the test is waived, submit a
transcript from each college or university the applicant attended, and meet any other
requirements that the Graduate Studies Committee may impose.
In evaluating an application for the LL.M. degree, the most important factors shall
be the applicant’s academic record, record of demonstrated leadership and experience in
the practice of law, and potential to contribute to the intellectual life of the College.
The minimum score on the TOEFL shall be 80 internet-based; 550 paper-based; and 213
computer based. The minimum score on the IELTS shall be 6.5. In exceptional cases,
the Graduate Studies Committee may authorize the Assistant Dean to admit an
otherwise strong applicant with a TOEFL/IELTS score below the minimum if the
applicant demonstrates acceptable proficiency in English.

3. The Graduate Studies Committee may authorize the Assistant Dean to offer
conditional admission to an otherwise strong applicant with deficient English proficiency.
In order to be considered for conditional admission, an applicant must have a minimum
TOEFL score of 69 or IELTS section scores of reading 6, listening 6, speaking 5.5, and
writing 5.5. Students who are accepted conditionally must attend an English language
program in the United States and achieve the required minimum score for admission by
June of the year of their matriculation.

D. Graduation Requirements.

1. In order to fulfill the requirements for the Master of Laws, students must earn
passing grades in not fewer than 24 semester hours of credit, including the courses
required for completion of the degree, with accumulated credit points which aggregate
to not less than 2.3 times the total number of credit hours.
2. Candidates for the LL.M. degree shall be required to complete the courses in (1) the
U.S. Legal System and Legal Traditions; and (2) Legal Analysis, Research, and Writing
for International Students. The Graduate Studies Committee may permit a student to
substitute another course/s if the Assistant Dean finds that the student has satisfactorily
completed equivalent course/s.
3. LL.M. Students must obtain prior approval of their programs of courses from
the Assistant Dean.
4. The LL.M. program may be pursued on a full-time or part-time basis, over no fewer
than two semesters of residency at the College of Law. Students enrolled in the program
on a full-time basis will generally be expected to complete the requirements of the degree
in one academic year. Students enrolled in the program on a part-time basis will
generally be expected to complete the requirements for the LL.M. degree within two
academic years. Except when a special exception has been provided by the Academic
Affairs Committee for good cause shown, the requirements for completion of the LL.M.
degree shall be completed within a maximum of three calendar years from the date of
first matriculation in the College of Law.
E. Grading Standards for LL.M. Students.

Students who are enrolled in the LL.M. program shall be graded on a separate scale from J.D. students and shall not be awarded numerical grades. Except in a satisfactory/unsatisfactory course, where students receive a grade
of “S” or “U,” the LL.M. grading scale and credit points per credit hour will be:

Grade Credit Points
A          4.0
A-         3.7
B+        3.3
B          3.0
B-         2.7
C+        2.3
C          2.0
D          1.0
E           0

For LL.M. students, a grade of C or lower indicates unacceptable work.

If an LL.M. student has indicated an intention to apply for a transfer into the J.D.
program pursuant to Rule 3.09 (I), then in addition to calculating grades according to the LL.M. scale, instructors teaching joint LL.M./J.D. classes will also determine whether that LL.M. student would have scored an 80 or higher if the grade were calculated on the J.D. scale. If so,
the instructor will calculate the grade for that LL.M. student according to the J.D. scale, as
described in Rule 9.10. (This calculation is not to affect the distribution of grades for the J.D.
students in the class). These J.D. scaled grades shall not become part of the LL.M. student’s
record if the student stays in the LL.M. program. However, if the LL.M. student transfers into
the J.D. program, these J.D. scaled grades will replace the LL.M. scaled grades on the student’s
transcript, and the LL.M. scaled grades will be discarded.

F. Relationship of LL.M. Grading to J.D. Grading. The performance of LL.M. students
shall not be considered in determining grades for J.D. Students. LL.M. students shall not be
included in creating the grading profile or curve for any J.D. course in which they are enrolled.
LL.M. students’ grades shall not be included in J.D. honors calculations or rankings.

G. Examination. LL.M. students shall be assigned examination numbers that are distinct
from J.D. student examination numbers. The registrar shall inform professors which examination
numbers have been assigned to LL.M. students in order to separate LL.M. examinations from the
grading process for J.D. students. LL.M. students for whom English is not the primary language
shall receive an additional 30 minutes for each hour of an examination and may take a printed
language dictionary into in-class examinations.

H. Academic Standing Requirements and Dismissal for Academic Deficiency for LL.M.
Students.

1. Students enrolled in the LL.M. program shall be required to maintain a cumulative
point hour ratio of at least 2.3 in order to remain in good academic standing. A student
shall be dismissed from the College of Law for academic deficiency if he or she does not maintain a cumulative point hour ratio of at least 2.0. 2. A student whose cumulative point hour ratio falls below 2.3 at any time shall be
placed on probation, subject to the conditions of probation imposed by the Graduate
Studies Committee, including a requirement that the student raise his or her cumulative
point hour ratio to at least 2.3 within one semester of being placed on probation. A
student who fails to meet the conditions of probation shall be dismissed from the College
of Law.
3. The Graduate Studies Committee may, in cases in which it is persuaded that
achievement of academic good standing is a realistic probability, reinstate, on a
probationary status, a student who has been dismissed from the LL.M. program for
academic deficiency. The terms of probation shall be determined by the Graduate
Studies Committee and shall include a requirement that the student raise his or her
cumulative point hour ratio to at least 2.3 within one semester of being placed on
probation.

I. Transfer from the LL.M. Program Into the J.D. Program. A student enrolled in the
LL.M. program may apply to transfer into the J.D. program after the student has completed the
regular coursework in the LL.M. program. If the student is accepted into the J.D. program, the
student shall receive credit towards a J.D. degree for every class the student completed in the
LL.M. program for which the student received a J.D. scale grade pursuant to Rule 3.09(E),
except for (1) U.S. Legal System and Legal Traditions, and (2) Legal Analysis, Research, and
Writing for International Students.

If the student transfers into the J.D. program, the student’s official grades for the classes
completed as an LL.M. student will be replaced with the grades that were calculated according
to the J.D. scale, as described in Rule 3.09(E).

A student who has transferred from the LL.M. program into the J.D. program will
receive a J.D. degree and not an LL.M. degree upon successful completion of the J.D. program
graduation requirements. At any time before the completion of the J.D. program graduation
requirements, the transferred student may petition the Academic Affairs Committee to be
removed from the J.D. program and awarded an LL.M degree. Upon approval of the
Academic Affairs Committee, the student will receive an LL.M. degree and become ineligible
for a J.D. degree. The grades on the student’s transcript will remain the grades calculated
according to the J.D. scale, as described in Rule 3.09(E).

Source: Faculty minutes, June 20, 2007, May 20, 2009, October 2,
2014, November 13, 2014, January 8, 2015, and March 3, 2016.

 

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